Re: How did Englishmen excluded Hindoos from Humanity?
Hello Knight. This year I read a wonderfully informative but highly disturbing history book that pertains directly to your good questions. Anarchy
, by the celebrated author William Dalrymple, is a new history of the rise of the British East India Company, drawing for the first time on Indian records.
This monstrous company was started by English pirates, and its goal was to loot the world. It provided much of the moral inspiration for capitalism through the joint stock company, an invention that enabled people to become extremely rich by dispensing with any scruples about starving and murdering millions of people.
The fact that the British Crown gave power to an allegedly private company to plunder an ancient rich civilization at will required deft invention to retain a sense of conscience, legitimacy and justification.
Asserting that Indian people were subhuman was an important part of this process, including the belief that animals with economic value were of greater importance than human beings.
So the answer to your question of how Englishmen excluded Hindoos from humanity is that they did so by a heartless focus on personal enrichment, which required systematic political inequality, justified by the venal deception of racial inferiority. This method proved so enormously successful that the glorious British Empire used it for its systematic rape of the world.
As Lewis Carroll explained
, glory just means "which is to be master — that's all."