Ch. 3: The Reasoning behind Reason
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Author:  Chris OConnor [ Mon Nov 03, 2014 10:32 pm ]
Post subject:  Ch. 3: The Reasoning behind Reason

Ch. 3: The Reasoning behind Reason

Please use this thread to discuss the above section of Lex Bayer and John Figdor’s “Atheist Mind, Humanist Heart: Rewriting the Ten Commandments for the Twenty-first Century.”

You’re also welcome to create new threads however you see fit.

Author:  DWill [ Sat Dec 13, 2014 2:10 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Ch. 3: The Reasoning behind Reason

Note to Robert Tulip: Hume alert!

Yes, Hume would say that we can't be absolutely certain that the sun will rise tomorrow. But we can have a reasonable expectation based on our observation and inductive reasoning process. We can fortify this reasoning with the demonstrated hypotheses of science. Our assessment of the strength of all the evidence we're considering gives us a feeling of confidence in the belief, from very weak to very strong.

The most important point I took from this chapter concerns this confidence of belief, a confidence which to some extent must be based on our individual circumstances and experiences. Philosophers have called this "perspectival realism." As the authors say, "While the truth is absolute, our ability to assess that truth is not. We're all fallible human beings with different observations and experiences, and we can't be sure about the complete validity of each belief." When we feel most strongly that a belief is either true or false, often is it something about our experience or individual perspective that produces this quality. This isn't at all the same as accepting that all truth is relative to the one's point of view. The fourth non-commandment, is, after all, "All truth is proportional to the evidence."

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