Re: One way to conduct a national election
The liberals and Conservatives, based on polls, are in a virtual tie at around 31%. Historically, a party required with a minimum 38.5% to form a majority. The New Democrats are to the left of the Liberals and the Greens are to the left on many issues, although they seem to draw votes from both progressive and moderately conservative voters.
The Bloc is a federal party based only in Quebec. Their purpose is to push the Quebec agenda at the federal level with the ultimate aim of separation from the rest of Canada, although separation wasn't an issue in this election. They're expected to make big gains in this election.
I'm writing this one hour before the results begin pouring in, but the pundits are calling for a Liberal minority government. If that is the case, they would be looking for support from the New Democrats and any Greens that may be elected. I believe the Liberals would rather not be associated with the Quebec party bent on separation. If the Conservatives are in a minority position with the most votes, who knows?