Zimbardo said (p. 237):
Zimbardo said (p. 239):
Why is the fact of powerlessness, of being the victim of abuse, accompanied by feelings of shame? It seems undeniable that being mistreated by another person causes the victim to feel shamed, even if the victim is a very young child being sexually abused by an adult. What I cannot grasp is why such feelings have come to be--what purpose they serve or once served. They cause the victim even greater pain and often are an obstacle to asking for help or seeking escape from the abusive situation, and subsequently they hinder a healthy recovery from past abuse.